IN THE NETHERLANDS
article in French, click here
Contemporary Dutch astrology is rooted in the activities of the Theosophists at the end of the 19th century, as was the case in many countries. As a matter of fact, organized astrology in The Netherlands is in origin largely due to the activities of Alan Leo. While visiting The Netherlands early this century, Leo met the well-known Dutch astrologer A.E. Thierens (1875-1942). This led to a Dutch version of the magazine "Modern Astrology" in 1906 under the joint editorship of Alan Leo and H.J. van Ginkel, which was changed to: "Urania" the following year under Dutch editors and still exists today. The publication of "Urania" marked the start of Dutch astrology and in the same year 1907, the "Association for Modern Astronomy and Astrology" was formed, which later became the "Dutch Astrological Association" and in October1947 the "Workcommunity of Astrologers" (WVA), also called the "School of Ram", formed by Th.J.J.Ram, L. Knegt and A.E.Thierens.
The WVA was the first to take up astrological education. Features of theSchool of Ram with its esoteric foundation are a unique house-system: theAscendant-Parallel-Circle system, the use of 'true places' of planets and of a few hypothetical planets. Any other organized astrology cannot really be traced until the 1970s apart from the WVA, but several individual astrologersbecame well-known.
In the 1970s a growing number of astrologers could no longer identify themselves with the WVA-system and formed independent organizations. At the same time many astrologers became interested in the research of astrology due to the availability of computers, while others concentrated on predictive, esoteric, psychological, mundane, medical, etc. astrology. In 1973 a group called "Free Astrologers" started to organize a yearly congress, which is still being held today in Soesterberg, presently organized by "Astrologia Omnis". In 1975 the "Workcommunity for Applied Astrology Twente" was formed by BobDijkstra (1927-1995), enthusiastic about the 'revidierte astrologie' of the German astrologer Thomas Ring, and together with astrologers from other parts of The Netherlands, they organized another annual congress since 1977 in Oldenzaal. This group called "Arcturus" also started the magazine "Spica" which was a national forum for opinions and theory, while an academic approach of the subject was favored. Today both Arcturus and Spica no longer exist, while the annual congress is being organized by the "Stichting Vrienden van het Landhuis". Also during the 1970s, academics organized themselves in the "Dutch Society for Scientific Research of Astrology" (NVWOA) and a group of astrologers started the "Workgroup for Cosmobiology" (WKO) based on the Ebertin-system. In1977 the "Dutch Society for Practising Astrologers" (NGPA, called AVN today) was formed, trying to structure professional astrological education and practice. Apart from these centers of astrological activity, many regional groups appeared as well.
1980s to date:
In order to promote cooperation between all these organizations, the"Federation of Astrological Groups in Dutch-speaking regions" (FAG) was formed in 1981. Due to the location of The Netherlands, Dutch astrologers have been in touch with astrologers in neighboring countries like Belgium, Germany and England over the years, while the "Stichting Astro-Kring" started promoting contacts with the U.S.A. & Canada in the 1980s and became ARC Node of The Netherlands in 1991. Many astrologers in The Netherlands are a member of more than one astrological organization which resulted in a network of astrologers and academics with contrasting ideas about astrology. In the 90'ies both the FAG as well as Astrokring stopped operating, the internet has taken over contacts between astrologers.
Very few books written by Dutch astrologers have ever been translated in other languages, aside from C.Aq. Libra's well-known "Astrology and Ethics" and more recently work from Jack Chandu, Karen Hamaker-Zondag, Wim van Dam, while the magazine "De Kaarsvlam" by Mellie Uyldert was published in both English and German for some years. It remains essential for Dutch astrologers to speak at least one other language in order not to miss the vast amount of English and German literature. Next to the many small libraries of the various organizations, the Dutch astrologers Roland Hepp and Antoon van Zon have each built up collections of antiquarian astrology books in various languages. Presently there is a nice variety of astrological magazines available in theDutch language, some specialized in certain areas like the WVA-system, research of astrology, psychological astrology, medical astrology, mundaneastrology, correct horoscopes, etc.
With regard to astrological education, there are many different schools all over The Netherlands.
It is clear the the internet provides a new forum for astrologers to meet cross culturally and that this is having an incredible impact on astrology and its growth for the future!
This text was written mainly by Joyce Hoen in 1987/1988, edited and expanded by Tees Reitsma in 1991. To my utter surprise I found this text (i.e. mainly my own text) back meantime on several webpages without source information.... thanks for keeping it.. I took it back! :-)
During the weekend of the Jupiter-Saturn conjunction May 2000 Donna Cunningham officially opened the site "Astrologers Memorial", commemorating many astrologers now passed on. Tees Reitsma then collected information on Dutch astrologers from the past, which are published on the European page of the memorialsite.
Hetty de Boer-Jongkind
Hetty was born on 9 November 1951 at 10:12 CET in Amsterdam, The Netherlands
(52N22 04E54), died on 4 December 1993.
She started the first 4-year vocational school "Asclepios" for medical astrology
in Amsterdam, and in 1990 the "Vakvereniging voor Medische Astrologie" (VMA)
with its magazine. Hetty also wrote a book "Inleiding tot de Medische
Astrologie" that was published in 1992 about medical astrology and lectured at
Dick was born on 1 October 1938 at 07:35 hrs (Loenen Time) in The Hague, The
Netherlands (52N05 04E18), and died in 1996.
He was a computer programmer and as astrologer he followed the humanistic
astrology of Dane Rudhyar, did consultations, gave lectures and wrote a book
about Chiron, next to being co-author of others. He lived and practised also in
the USA for some time
Jack F. Chandu (van Swieten)
Jack was born on 8 June 1925 at 13:45 hrs local time in Batavia, Indonesia (6S10
106E49) and died on 11 May 1994.
Director of the Astrologisch Consultatie- en Opleidingscentrum Nederland (ACON)
(= vocational astrology education) and Stichting Totaliteits-diagnostiek in The
Hague, The Netherlands, he was internationally known and wrote many books about
astrology and related subjects, some of which were translated in other
languages, did research, gave lectures, consultations and wholistic therapy.
G. (Bob) Dijkstra
Bob was born on 6 January 1927 at 2:30 hrs local time in Amsterdam, The
Netherlands (52N22 04E54).
Founder of the "Werkgroep voor Toegepaste Astrologie Twente" (= Workgroup for
applied astrology Twente), which later became the "Stichting Arcturus" with its
wellknown magazine "Spica" that acted as a national forum for opinions and
theory, while an academic approach of the subject was favored.
Bob admired the 'revidierte astrologie' of the German astrologer Thomas Ring,
and together with astrologers from other parts of The Netherlands (since 1991 as
"Vrienden van het Landhuis"), he organized annual congresses in Oldenzaal from
1977 till he died in 1995.
He was born on 15 August 1903 at 23:25:57 local time in Wageningen (51N58 5E40),
He wrote the books "Techniek der astrologie" (= technique of astrology) and
"Planetenloop en mensenlot" (= planetary movements and human destiny) that were
used by many students of astrology in The Netherlands.
John was born 14 September 1921 at 0:30 hrs local time in Solo, Indonesia (7S35
110E48) and died on 13 June 1986 in The Hague, The Netherlands.
He initially joined the WVA (see under: Thierens) for several years and later
worked closely together with Antoon van Zon in the "Werkgroep voor
Kosmobiologisch Onderzoek" (WKO) (= workgroup for cosmobiological research) in
The Hague, The Netherlands, specialized in the Ebertin-method and Hamburger
School, and organizing meetings as well as congresses. John also wrote some
astrological articles and gave lectures.
Jan de Jong
Jan was born on 26 June 1929 at 05:14:16 Amsterdam Summertime in Sprundel, The
Netherlands (51N32 04E37), and died in June 1992 in Roosendaal.
His book on the subject of "Spiegelpunten" (= mirror points) became wellknown in
this country and showed the inner meaning of a horoscope according to his
He was born on 26 December 1882 at 08:00 hrs local time in
Delftshaven-Rotterdam, The Netherlands (51N54 04E27) and died around 1957.
He formed with A.E. Thierens and Th.J.J. Ram in October 1947 the "Workcommunity
of Astrologers" (WVA), also called the "School of Ram", in The Netherlands. (See
He wrote the books "Het mysterie van lot en leven" (= the mystery of destiny and
life), "De kunst van het voorspellen" (= the art of prediction), "Uurhoek en
vragenastrologie" (= horary astrology), "Astrologie, wetenschap en techniek" (=
astrology, science and technique).
Herman Adrianus Kooij was born on June 5 1868 in Hengelo, the Netherlands (52N15 06E45) at 16:53 GMT, and passed away on May 17 1950.
During his life he was a Freemason as well as an inspiring Astrologer and he started the "Astrologische Kring 's-Gravenhage en Omstreken" (=astrology circle for The Hague area) on October 30 1928 at 20:37 GMT in The Hague.
His group met regularly in the building of Bookstore Synthese (which is still located there today), Lange Voorhout 96, The Hague and after 9 years decided to publish their own magazine called 'Hermes' for cosmology, astrology and freemasonry in 1937.
H.A. Kooij was an inspiring author and also wrote the book: "De tempel van de ziel - kracht en wijsheid in astrologie en vrijmetselarij" (=the temple of the soul - strength and wisdom in astrology and freemasonry), bringing the meaning of t he symbology of astrology and freemasonry together.
Willem Ary Koppejan was born on 19 August 1913 at 04:00 hrs (corrected by him to
03:55) local time in Amsterdam, The Netherlands (52N22 04E54), and died on 20
May 1979 in England.
(Several of the birthdata given for Dutch astrologers are from: "Willem
Koppejan's Astrological Archives - International and Nederland & Vlaanderen,
published in 1996)
Willem studied medicine at the University of Leiden and made horoscopes since
1924. He was interested in religion and astrology, wrote books, did astrological
research, teaching, gave lectures incl. at the Astrological Association in
England and had a large medical and astrological practice in The Hague from 1945
In 1960 he started a private publishing company and since 1959 had a joint
astro-psychological practice in The Hague with his wife Drs Helene W. van
Woelderen (married in 1970), until they moved to Glastonbury, England, in 1977.
He became mainly known for his research into the symbols and degrees of the
zodiac, combining the Sabian symbols of Marc Jones and Dane Rudhyar with the
degree symbols of the French Janduz (Madame J. Duzea). Willem met Dane Rudhyar
in 1960 during his first visit here with Helene, which later resulted in the
publication by Carolus Verhulst of Servire of 9 of Rudhyar's books in English as
well as some lectures in this country. (See under: Rudhyar)
Willem wrote "The 360 degrees of the zodiac" in Dutch in 1956, which was later
rewritten by his wife Helene in English with Niek Scheps as "The Zodiac Image
Handbook" in 3 volumes, including his vision on Grail Astrology and published in
1990. The Dutch translation by Willem van Panhuys "Beeldgids van de dierenriem"
in 3 volumes was published in 1991.
Most of Willem's library on astrology and esoteric subjects is on loan to the
Library of Avalon in the Glastonbury Experience, a complex of buildings with
spiritual activities, started and financed by Willem and Helene in 1978.
C.Aq. Libra (Roelf Takens)
He was born 2 October 1862 at 23:00 hrs local time in Winsum (53N09 or 53N20
5E38 or 6E31), The Netherlands. (there are 2 towns called Winsum in The
He was an astrologer, author, doctor for horses as well as painter. His book
"Astrology and Ethics" was wellknown and translated in other languages.
M.H. van der Putte
He was born on 6 July 1913 at 23:19:18 hrs local time in Amsterdam, The
Netherlands (52N22 04E54) and died on 24 April 1986.
During his life he was a very popular psychological astrologer in Amsterdam and
wrote "Astrologische Bibliotheek" (= astrological library) in 6 volumes about
different aspects of astrology.
He was born on 19 December 1884 at 3.12 hrs local time in Haarlem, The
Netherlands (52N22 04E38), and died on 7 October 1961.
He was a teacher, astrologer, author and journalist. His book "Psychologische
Astrologie" (= psychological astrology) had a great influence on the development
of astrology in The Netherlands.
With A.E. Thierens and L. Knegt he formed in October 1947 the "Workcommunity of
Astrologers" (WVA), also called the "School of Ram". (See under: Thierens)
Wim was born on February 16 1917 at 06:52 GMT in The Hague, The Netherlands, as a true Aquarius with Mercury, Venus, Uranus, Ascendant, Sun and Mars in Aquarius respectively. As a matter of fact, I am writing this exactly during his Uranus-return.
At the early age of 15 he was already studying astronomy with a selfmade telescope, and during his life he not only added microscopic studies and astrology (since 1943), but also metaphysics, several foreign languages, and above all life itself and people. Wim loved people and astrology and he never needed an astrowatch to be able to tell you exactly which sign was rising or culminating at a certain time: he 'lived" astrology.
Wim also loved books and collected and studied them during his whole life, to the extent that they filled up the entire attic of his home as well as his own room from the floor to the ceiling, leaving only a small space for his bed. He wrote many interesting astrological articles that were published, but had trouble finding a publisher for his book: "Astrologie en Wereldvoorstelling" (=Astrology and Worldview), so it was eventually published by the magazine "Astro-Kring" - as promised him shortly before he died.
Wim could always be found at all astrological meetings, no matter which group had organized it, where, or what astrological system was used, and he usually brought a special book as gift for someone at the same time.
The result of this was that his death on June 4 1985 was felt by all astrological organizations in this country as the great loss of 'our Wim'. We then realized that this quiet Aquarius had shown us all the true meaning of brotherhood, and that you can belong to many different astrological organizations at the same time."
He was born on 20 December 1875 at 8:35 hrs local time in Den Briel, The
Netherlands (51N54 4E10) and died on 30 December 1941. He was an officer in the
Royal Marines, astrologer and author. He wrote: "Elementen der practische
astrologie" and "Elementen der esoterische astrologie".
While visiting The Netherlands early this century, Alan Leo met A.E. Thierens
and this led to a Dutch version of the magazine "Modern Astrology" in 1906 under
the joint editorship of Alan Leo and H.J. van Ginkel, which was changed to:
"Urania" the following year under Dutch editors and still exists today.
The publication of "Urania" marked the start of modern Dutch astrology and in
the same year 1907, the "Association for Modern Astronomy and Astrology" was
formed, which later became the "Nederlandsch Astrologisch Genootschap" (= Dutch
Astrological Association) and in October 1947 the Stichting "Werkgemeenschap van
Astrologen" (WVA) (= Workcommunity of Astrologers), also called the "School of
Ram", formed by Th.J.J. Ram, L. Knegt and A.E. Thierens.
The WVA was the first to take up astrological education. Features of the School
of Ram with its esoteric foundation are a unique house-system: the
Ascendant-Parallel-Circle system, the use of 'true places' of planets and of a
few hypothetical planets.
Jan Gerhard Toonder (pseudo: Mark Lichtenzeel)
He was born on 18 July 1914 at 01:00 hrs Amsterdam Time in Rotterdam, The
Netherlands (51N55 04E29). He was an author and astrologer.
His book "A case for Astrology" with A. West was translated and published in
Dutch as "Het astrologisch argument" in 1971. He also appeared several times on
TV and in January 1976 with Helene Koppejan. (See under: Koppejan)
J.C. van Wageningen
van Wageningen was born on 2 December 1895 at 0:33 hrs local time in Utrecht,
The Netherlands (52N06 5E07) and died on 15 January 1964 in Amsterdam.
He wrote the books "Astrologie en geneeskunde" (= astrology and medicine) and in
1928 "De astrologie, haar betekenis en draagwijdte" (= astrology, its meaning
Together with J. Vreugdenhil he wrote an important book about primary directions
and took care of the astrology course of the Pelman Institute.
Tees N.Tj.F. Reitsma - Sep 2, 1933- August 8, 2004
For a memorial on Tees Reitsma herself click here
Roland M.M. Hepp, Auderghem, Belgium, 12-11-1939, 2.46 GMT,
passed away August 12 2011 in Amsterdam, at 23.00 pm.